His research mainly focuses on Indonesia where he has worked as both an ecologist and social scientist on issues of landscape conservation. His specific focus is on the contributions of forests and forest-based agriculture towards livelihoods, healthy diets and nutritional status. His research has mainly comprised of biodiversity surveys, participatory ecosystem service mapping, and livelihoods and dietary surveys in both forest and palm oil dependent communities. He also consults for various organisations on issues relating to palm oil, forests and land use change. He holds an undergraduate degree in Biological Sciences from the University of Oxford and a masters degree in Control of Infectious Diseases from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.