Seminar: Can the determinants of obesity and under-nutrition be captured in the same model: Evidence from Valparaiso Chile and Mombasa Kenya
Monday, November 17, 2014 - 12:30 to 13:30
Location: Upper Meeting Room, LIDC, 36 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0PD
Speaker: Pat Pridmore and Roy Carr-Hill, Institute of Education, London
Abstract: In the 2013 Lancet series on Maternal and child nutrition, Black et al. argue that both under-nutrition and obesity are a deviation from optimum fetal and child growth and development, and that both can be explained within a modified version of the conceptual model developed by UNICEF for the determinants of under-nutrition used in the 2008 Lancet Series (e.g. Black et al., 2007). The purpose of this paper is to exploit the findings from parallel studies of the determinants of under-nutrition in Mombasa and of obesity in Valparaiso to comment on this proposal. These findings come from the NICK (Nutritional Improvement for children in Chile and Kenya) study funded by an ESRC-DFID grant which sought to tackle the urban health divide by enabling intersectoral action on malnutrition.
Bio: Pat Pridmore is Professor Emerita of Education, Health and International Development at the Institute of Education, University of London. She is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, the Higher Education Academy and the College of Teachers. She has more than thirty years of experience working in education, health and international development in about fifteen low and middle income countries. Before joining the Institute of Education in 1989 she worked for the UK Government ODA (now called DFID) as a community nutritionist in the health sector in Tanzania, and worked in higher education in Nigeria for ten years. She has led a number of multicountry research teams with funding from DFID and the ESRC including the NICK study (Nutritional Improvement for children living in urban Chile and Kenya) completed in 2014. She has researched and published widely in the field of participatory planning in health development and multigrade education.
Roy Carr-Hill is part-time Professor of Education in Developing Countries at the Institute of Education, University of London and Hon. Professor at the Centre for Health Economics, University of York. He has worked at the University of Sussex, the OECD, University of Mozambique, the MRC Medical Sociology Unit in Aberdeen and the Centre for Health Economics, York, For over thirty years, he has also worked as a consultant in more than 35 developing countries in both education and health, as a generic anarchist social planner, specialising in carrying out complex surveys and in the evaluation of large-scale and complex programmes (for example, DFID’s IMBEWU programme in Eastern Cape, South Africa; and he was one of the core group in the mid-term evaluation of the Fast Track Initiative for EFA during 2009-2010).