Over 70% of Australia’s agricultural income is derived from exports. While the trade of surplus agricultural production is regarded as a cornerstone in economic development, the world food market remains tightly regulated and protected. With on-going protectionism and the Doha Round failing to reach any consensus on agriculture at a multilateral scale, countries have been engaging in bilateral and plurilateral agreements (agreements) to bypass the impasse.
This session brings together a panel of six speakers followed by a facilitated discussion to highlight some of the key advances made by the LSHTM/ LCIRAH team in integrating agriculture, health and nutrition research. The panel will include researchers across the three LSHTM Faculties and LSHTM collaborators from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) and SOAS, University of London.
This event is hosted by All-Party Parliamentary Group on Agriculture and Food for Development, together with LCIRAH and A4NH (Agriculture for Nutrition and Health). For more information & registration, please visit the external event page.
Socio-economic inequalities in obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease are all linked and are largely avoidable causes of inequity in health, wellbeing and productivity outcomes. They are also all linked by the common, modifiable risk factors of active living and healthy diet. During this seminar we describe the development of socio-economic inequalities in obesity in countries like the US, UK and Australia, along with the impact of population-level obesity prevention policy and explore how we might start to reduce these inequalities.
Village chicken production is practiced by many households in low-income food-deficit countries. Despite low production levels and potentially high losses due to disease, predation and theft, scavenging systems offer the advantage of requiring minimal land, labour and capital inputs. Human undernutrition remains a major public health challenge globally, contributing to over 3 million preventable maternal and child deaths each year.
The emerging field of agri-health research requires researchers to use and engage with theories and methods from several different disciplines, yet most researchers are trained as specialists in just one. The aim of this peer-taught seminar is to provide participants with a broad understanding of the core disciplines and key methods relevant to interdisciplinary agriculture-nutrition-health research, presenting the basics in epidemiology, economics, development studies, nutrition, and anthropology, and providing time for discussion and questions.
The Agriculture, Nutrition & Health (ANH) Academy was launched on 3 June 2015 at the 5th LCIRAH Research Conference.
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Agricultural development plays a role in improving nutrition. However, agricultural practices and interventions determine the amount of time dedicated to agricultural and domestic work. Time spent in agriculture – especially by women – competes with time needed for resting, childcare and food preparation, and can have unintended negative consequences for nutrition. Does the evidence confirm that increased time burdens in agriculture have negative impacts on nutrition?
One of the agriculture-nutrition pathways proposes that increasing women’s engagement in agricultural work contributes to child under-nutrition by reducing women’s time to prepare nutritious food and care for children, and to breastfeed young infants (Kadiyala et al., 2014, Headey et al., 2011).
This paper investigates the dynamics of gender inequality in the allocation of foods of different nutritional quality within households in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Specifically, by using three rounds of survey data collected in 2006, 2009 and 2013 by the Young Lives study, the paper analyses the evolution of a specific dimension of food security, dietary diversity, over the life-course of two cohorts of children at 5, 8 and 12 years old, and 12 and 15 years old respectively.
The Maasai are the most globally recognisable ethnic group in sub-Saharan Africa, owing to their distinctive customs and dress and proximity to the popular wildlife parks of Tanzania and Kenya. They also face a number of challenges anticipated to have negative impacts on child heath, including social and economic marginalisation, vulnerabilities to drought, substandard service provision and on-going land grabbing conflicts.
Location: Upper Meeting Room, LIDC, 36 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0PD
Speaker: Prof. Xiangping Jia, Northwest Agriculture & Forest University, China