Campylobacter contamination and control in the poultry meat food systems of Nairobi, Kenya
Joshua Onono, Maud Carron, Jonathan Rushton, Barbara Haesler
Campylobacter is recognised as a leading cause of food borne disease in developed countries, but there is a paucity of data on its presence, risk factors and impact in developing countries. The importance of Campylobacter in Kenya is unknown, yet it has poultry production systems similar to developed countries, but with more rudimentary marketing and processing systems. Data on the source of campylobacter contamination is limited, which in part reflects the lack of knowledge of the poultry food systems and the exposure of the meat consumed to contamination.
This study aims to better understand the epidemiology of campylobacter infection in Nairobi, Kenya, by investigating its public health significance, transmission routes, contamination mechanisms, possible drivers and options for control. It will be closely linked to a large interdisciplinary project in Nairobi, Kenya, on disease emergence in urban/peri-urban environments.
Joshua Onono is mapping the poultry value chains in Nairobi. This information will provide a solid starting point for further work in the project by providing information on livestock value chains in Nairobi, potential points of exposure and infection as well as the wider research context.
Samples will be collected in people and animals for laboratory analysis. Clinical isolates will be attributed to possible sources on the basis of their sequence types with use of suitable models. This will help to identify critical areas of risk in the poultry value chains. Further data collection will be directed at these points through investigative interviewing techniques to understand production practices and behaviours that may impact on disease risk and mitigation options. Results are not yet available.